The Three Judgments--2 Peter 2:4-9

     Have you ever been in a court of  law or watched night court on TV?  After the hearing, the judge makes his judgment. Doubtlessly some of  his judgments are not just.  God's judgments, however, are always just.  Three such judgments are presented in 2 Peter 2:4-9.  Consider first that:

     A. The Judgment of  Angels
          1. The nature of  their sin.
               a. The corruption involved is stated as being sin.
               b. Jude 6 states that these were those who "kept not their first estate, but left their own habitation."
               c. Generally two ideas are presented
                    (I) Some refer this to the initial sin of  angels under the guidance of  Satan.
                    (II) Others refer it to the account given in Genesis 6:2 referring the "Sons of  God" to angels.
               d. The proper understanding may depend on the judgment of  them, which looks like an immediate judgment and
                    permanent in nature.
               e. Though inclined to the second idea, Calvin stated, "Most men are curious, and make no end of  inquiries on
                    this things; but since God in Scripture has only sparingly touched on them, and as it were by the way, he thus
                    reminds us that we ought to be satisfied with this small knowledge.  And indeed they who curiously inquire, do
                    not regard edification, but seek to feed their souls with vain speculations." (Calvin, 396-7)
          2. The certainty of  their judgment
               a. Cast into hell
                    (I) Actually, the word is "Tartarus."
                    (II) Alford equates it with hell as does Matthew Henry.
                    (III) Jude states that they are "reserved in everlasting chains under darkness unto the judgment of  the great
                         day." (Verse 6)
                    (IV) At least, it is the abode of  these rebellious angels.
                    (V) May be equivalent to the bottomless pit--Revelation 20:1-3
               b. Chained in darkness
                    (I) Peter states this here.
                    (II) Jude reiterates it in verse 6.
                    (III) As Matthew Henry pointed out, sin always binds creatures, whether an angel or a human being.
               c. The comparison with Jude
                    (I) There is some similarity of  wording between 2 Peter 2:4 and Jude 6.
                    (II) There are also marked differences.
                    (III) In the Greek there are very few common terms.
                         (A) Of  course the word aggelos (only case difference), angel, is in both passages.
                         (B) Eis krisin, unto judgment, appears in both passages.
                         (C) As far as this writer can discern, zophon, darkness, seems to be the only other common word except
                              for normally commonly used words.
                    (IV) It would seem to this writer that if  either one saw the other's epistle or if  they had both gotten their
                         material from the same source, there would be greater similarity than differences.
               d . Certain in judgment
                    (I) They are judged now and imprisoned.
                    (II) They are imprisoned until the final great white throne. (Note that the lake of  fire in the final judgment--
                         Revelation 20:14)
     B. The Judgment of  Men at the Flood--v. 5
          1. The sparing not of  the world
               a. The world before the flood was wicked.
                    (I) Genesis 6:5-7
                    (II) It is called here "The old world."  This would argue against evolution which tries to take present processes
                         and applying them to the past.
                    (III) World condemned by Noah in faith--Hebrews 11:7
               b. The Bible records it several times.
                    (I) Matthew 24:38, 39--spoken by the Lord Jesus Christ
                    (II) 1 Peter 3:20                 
                    (III) Of  course, verse 5 here
                    (IV) Hebrews 11:7 implies it.
               c. This is Peter's second example that God will punish the wicked; therefore, the false teachers (vv. 1-3) will also
                    be punished.
          2. The saving of  Noah and family
               a. The meaning of  the eighth
                    (I) Not as some interpret it, the eighth preacher--beginning with Enos.
                    (II) He was the eighth person.
                         (A) The word "person" is in italics indicating that it is not in the Greek.
                         (B) So it is simply "The eighth."
                         (C) In checking the Greek it looks like the word "eighth" occurs before "Noah"; thus a literal rendering
                              would be "the eighth, Noah, a preacher of  righteousness."
                    (III) Therefore, he was the eighth together with seven others.--Cf. Genesis 7:13
                         (A) Noah's wife
                         (B) Shem and his wife
                         (C) Ham and his wife
                         (D) Japheth and his wife
               b. The preacher of  righteousness
                    (I) Noah was not saved as a preacher of  righteousness.
                    (II) Noah was saved by grace--cf. Genesis 6:8
                    (III) Noah became a preacher of  righteousness after being saved.
                         (A) He was a preacher of  moral righteousness, even the righteousness of  God.
                         (B) There is the implication here as well as in 1 Peter 3:20 that Noah preached while building the ark.
                         (C) Also suggested in Hebrews 11:7.
               c. NOTE:  This part is not in Jude; here again this would seem strange if  both were following a common source
                    or if  either had access to the other epistle.
     C. The Judgment of  Sodom and Gomorrah--vv. 6-8
          1. Wicked Sodom and Gomorrah
               a. They were turned into ashes.
                    (I) "No political union or confederacy can keep off   judgments from a sinful people.  Sodom and the
                         neighbouring cities were no more secure by their regular government than the angels by the dignity of  their
                         nature or the old world by their vast number." (Henry, VI:1046)
                    (II) Peter stated that these cities were made an example of  God's wrath against the ungodly.
                    (III) This is the third example to show that the false teachers will be judged.
                    (IV) Other cities were involved--Jude 7.
                         (A) Here again there are a few similarities, but some very distinct differences.
                         (B) Though this writer has not checked the Greek (as he did in connection with verse 4), it would not be
                              surprising to find that the two passages have only a few words in common.
               b. God overthrew them.
                    (I) This is the word used in the historical record.--Cf. Genesis 19:25
                    (II) It is the word from which we get "catastrophe."
                    (III) "Most heinous sins bring most grievous judgments.  Those who were abominable in their vices were
                         remarkable for their plagues.  Those who are sinners exceedingly before the Lord must expect the most
                         dreadful vengeance." (Ibid.)
          2. Just Lot
               a. He was righteous.
                    (I) The historical record (Genesis 19:12ff.) shows little of  righteousness except he did try to persuade his
                         sons-in-law to leave.
                    (II) The account here in Peter bears this out.
                    (III) It does not appear in Jude's account, for he was only concerned with judgment.
                    (IV) This again shows that Peter and Jude did not derive their information from a common source; or else one
                         must argue that they were very selected, which argues against their position.
                    (V) "When God sends destruction on the ungodly, he commands deliverance for the righteous." (Ibid.)
               b. He was vexed.
                    (I) The nature of  his vexation
                         (A) The word "vex"
                              (1) To wear down or tire by toil
                              (2) The idea is to harass beyond bearing.
                         (B) It was daily as verse 8 points out.
                         (C) That Lot had temptations is evident from the record in Genesis.
                         (D) Nevertheless, his heart was upset by the daily sin around him .
                         (E) Are not our hearts vexed with the filth of  our day?
                    (II) The cause of  his vexation
                         (A) Their conversation (walk as much as talk) was filthy.
                         (B) The deeds were contrary to law.
                         (C) Is it any different in this present day?

     A. The Deliverance of  the Righteous--v. 9a
          1.The two examples of  deliverance
               a. Noah from the old world by water
               b. Lot from Sodom by fire
          2. The Lord knows how
               a. The first part of  the grand conclusion
               b. "The wisdom of  God is never at a loss about ways and means to deliver his people." (op. cit., 1047)
               c. 2 Timothy 2:19
               d. Today, He delivers from temptations.
                    (I) Trials, persecutions
                    (II) Cf. 1 Corinthians 10:13
     B. The Punishment of  the Wicked--v. 9b
          1. The reservation of  their judgment
               a. The preservation of  impenitent sinners is only a reserving of  them to the day of  the revelation of  the righteous
                    judgment of  God." (Ibid.)
               b. The is the second part of  the grand conclusion.
               c. Their judgment is sure.
          2. The day of  judgment
               a. There is a day of  judgment.
               b. Hebrews 9:27
               c. Reference to the great white throne judgment--Revelation 20:11ff.
          3. 2 Peter and Jude both speak of  judgment.
               a. Even a cursory reading of  the two show very few similarities if  any.
               b. The differences are numerous and generally ignored by those advocating either a common source or one writer
                    having the other when they wrote.
               c. They just can not admit that Peter and Jude wrote independently by the power of  the Holy Spirit.

     God speaks of  three judgments:  of  angels, of  men at the flood, and of  Sodom and Gomorrah.  These are examples
to us that God will punish the wicked.  God does deliver the righteous and reserves the wicked for judgment.
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